'..reduce supply chain reliance on China.'

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'The U.S. Innovation and Competition Act also directs U.S. Secretary of State to publish a list of all state-owned enterprises (SOEs) in China that have engaged in unfair trade practices such as intellectual property theft and forced technology transfers. Under the act, U.S. President Joe Biden would be authorized to impose sanctions on individuals or entities that have stolen U.S. trade secrets or benefitted from such theft.

Young tweeted Tuesday that the vote demonstrates that lawmakers are “united in our fight against the Chinese Communist Party,” while Schumer, without mentioning China specifically, said in a separate tweet that the legislation will allow the U.S. to “out-compete and out-innovate,” as well as “strengthen critical supply chains, partnerships, and alliances abroad.”

Biden, who has retained many of the Trump administration’s tough China policies since taking office in January, also applauded the Senate vote, saying in a statement that the U.S. is “in a competition to win the 21st century, and the starting gun has gone off.”

“As other countries continue to invest in their own research and development, we cannot risk falling behind,” he said. “America must maintain its position as the most innovative and productive nation on Earth.”


Reducing China reliance


Kurt Campbell, the U.S. coordinator for Indo-Pacific affairs on Biden’s National Security Council, said that measures to hold China to account for unscrupulous trade practices and support U.S. competition in technology development enjoy near unanimous support among lawmakers.


Curtis said that in addition to reducing reliance on China for supply chains, the U.S. hopes to caution its allies that as Beijing builds partnerships through the development of technology such as 5G infrastructure, “it’s also enhancing its ability to conduct sabotage and espionage on that digital infrastructure.”

“It’s increasing its economic coercive power and it’s influencing how these technologies are used,” she said.

“And when it comes to surveillance technologies, its export of these technologies really kind of normalizes the illiberal use of that technology because of the way China has been using it, creating this comprehensive architecture in which it can observe and limit the digital activity of its own citizens.”

Such technologies have been a key component of Beijing’s repression of groups it deems a “threat” to the power of the CCP.

Since early 2017, authorities are believed to have held up to 1.8 million Uyghurs and other Muslim minorities in a vast network of internment camps in its Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR)—part of what the U.S., Canada, The Netherlands, and the U.K. recently designated a state-backed policy of genocide in the region.

High-tech digital surveillance systems have been used to single out people for detention in the XUAR, as well as to target pro-democracy protesters in Hong Kong and maintain tough restrictions on the religious and other rights of Tibetans.'

- Senate Act to Aid US Competition With China Prompts Backlash From Beijing, June 9, 2021

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